Economic & Financial Optimization

XENDEE is an end-to-end solution for the design and implementation of Microgrid, Mini-grid, and Distributed Energy Resources projects

adaptive user interface
Optimal Microgrid Design
optimal DER location siting
Resilience and energy management
Customer value Streams
Optimal DER Technology Sizing
Weather and locational Catalogs
Energy Domains Assessed
Reporting and graphic output results
Optimal Dispatch and Operation Logic
DER Technology catalogs
Sensitivity Decision Support Studies

Optimal Microgrid Screening, Configuration, Technical Design, and Implementation

  • Built-In Tariff and Technology Catalogs

  • Easy and Fun Microgrid Topology Design

  • Simple Project Definition via Option Toggles

  • GIS integrated capabilities with Google Maps

  • Share Projects and Results with Team Members

  • Multi-Objective MILP Generates Optimal Solutions

  • Assess Designs based on Geographic Constraints

  • Action List Tracking Alerts Users of Remaining Input

  • Automated Microgrid Design & Unmatched Accuracy

  • Modeling Resolution: < 1 second to 1-hour Time-Steps

XENDEE implements a physically-based economic optimization decision support system for decentralized energy systems that couples financial optimization with detailed electrical power system analysis.

Our Mixed Integer Linear Optimization Program (MILP) technology and Quasi-Static Time-Series Power Flow engine automatically find the most optimal solution feasible to meet your project’s objective(s).

  • The most cost-effective mix of generation and storage plus dispatch that:

    • Minimizes costs,
    • Increases Resilience, and
    • Minimizes CO2 emissions
  • The most cost-effective load management strategy with options such as:

    • Load shifting, 
    • Load shedding, and
    • Load scheduling optimization
  • The most optimal DER technology siting based on power flow constraints based on:

    • Cable Ampacity and Loading at Each Time-Step
    • Transformer Capacity and Loading at Each Time-Step
    • LTC Voltage Control and Tap Settings Solutions at Each Time-Step

Make Better Investment Decisions

Employing a streamlined user interface, XENDEE removes traditional technical barriers, while enabling rapid and seamless collaboration between customers, developers, financiers, and regulators.

Financial Decision Support For Microgrids

XENDEE handles complex interactions between different technologies, tariffs, loads, technical constraints (e.g. maximum charging rate of batteries), and economic constraints such as maximum payback periods. Solution includes simultaneously the optimal capacity portfolio and economic dispatch.

Microgrid Architecture and Decision Making with XENDEE

Complete Accuracy in Modeling Energy Domains

XENDEE characterizes loads as multiple end-uses and identifies opportunities for increased efficiency and reduced costs through heat recovery with a comprehensive approach to thermal technologies.

Thermal loads can be met by a complete host of sources including CHP-enabled discrete technologies. Losses are fully accounted for and Electric Vehicles are considered as a source of electricity storage and dispatch. This capability is based on the Distributed Energy Resources Customer Adoption Model (DER-CAM) from Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) which was developed by XENDEE researchers who lead this effort at LBNL. In fact, XENDEE is the only industrial provider of DER-CAM which offers support and integration of techno-economic optimization, deep circuit time-series power flow, and project management capabilities in one software platform.

Distinct Energy Domains

  • Fuels

  • Cooling

  • Electricity

  • Refrigeration

  • Water-Heating

  • Space-Heating

  • Transmission Losses

  • Transportation Losses

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Distributed Generation

  • CHP

  • Solar PV

  • Fuel Cells

  • Wind Turbines

  • Solar Thermal

  • Micro-Turbines

  • Engine Generators

Energy Storage

  • Heat Storage

  • Battery Storage

  • Cooling Storage

  • Electric Vehicles

Energy Management

  • Load-Shifting

  • Load-Shedding

  • Load Scheduling

  • Demand-Response

Generate Optimal Microgrid Designs with Dispatch

Invest with confidence backed by unmatched technical rigor and up to 90% reduction in time to decision over existing solutions.

  • Full-Spectrum Investment Decision Support from 1 to 50 years

  • Sensitivity Studies Capture the Impact of Assumptions and Uncertainty

  • Scenario Analysis Estimates Changes to Project Value in Response to Events

Modeling Automation

  • Validated Utility Tariff Database

  • 8760 Building Load Shape Database

  • Techno-Economic Vendor Equipment Catalogs

  • Integrated Wind-Turbine Performance Simulation

  • Integrated Solar PV Array Performance Simulation

Detailed Reporting

  • Hourly Dispatch

  • Graphical Reports

  • Echo of Input Data

  • Comprehensive Breakdown of Results

  • Detailed Multi-Year Investment Decision

Patented Adaptive User Interface
Accommodates Users with Different Skill Levels

The XENDEE platform allows new users to begin modeling within minutes via its Adaptive User Interface. A well-organized layout gives users the ability to quickly navigate between existing projects and generate new models. A streamlined layout with clearly defined table and input names allows users to easily familiarize themselves with the modeling environment, and demo cases with predefined inputs are available for instant results on cases such as an Islanded Microgrid with PV and Electric Stationary Storage technologies enabled to meet an electricity-only load. Pop-up help files are available directly on the interface for quick reference, and tutorial videos and full guides on input and variable interaction are available for more in-depth understanding.

  • Integrated Google Maps GIS Features

  • Automatic One-Line Diagram Models

  • Drag & Drop DER Technologies and Equipment

  • Extensive Catalog of Data and DER Technologies

  • Project Location Driven Automatic Data Updates:

    • Wind Power
    • Solar Performance
    • Utility Tariff Catalog 
    • Ambient Temperature
  • Pre-Defined Building Load Shape Database

    • US Commercial Building Database
    • ASHRAE Representative Climate Zones

Expert-Mode Interface Offers Complete Flexibility

For experienced users the interface offers an expert mode, which expands the modeling features offered and allows users to define more complex and detailed scenarios, such as Net Metering utility programs, Zero Net Energy Buildings, and load shifting or outage curtailment.

This expert mode allows modeling of all details and turning-on/turning-off optimization constraints. Automated data processing and reporting enhance the expert interface created to balance the complexity of detailed modeling in the Expert Mode with a User-Friendly design.

Capture More Value Streams Than Any Other Software

Value from Savings

  • System Loss Reduction

  • Reliability and Resiliency Services

  • Energy and Demand Charge Reduction

Revenue from Energy

  • Renewable DER Sales

  • Non-Renewable DER Sales

  • Battery Energy Storage Sales

Value from Incentives

  • Feed-In Tariffs

  • Regional Tax Credits

  • SGIP-Based & Ancillary Services

Resiliency and Energy Management

XENDEE is unique in its capability to automatically generate the most optimal and affordable Fight-Through™ capable designs and dispatch that enhance energy reliability and flexibility, while providing new services such as the ability to safely ride-out prolonged utility power outages solely on renewable technologies and energy storage.

  • Value of Lost Load Calculation

  • Optimal Energy Management Logic

  • Custom Outage Events and Duration

  • Custom Load Profiles for Outage Events

  • Critical and Essential Load Categorization

  • Detailed Utility Outage Scenario Modeling

  • Thermal and Electrical Demand Response

Accurate Utility Modeling

XENDEE includes a quality assured and validated catalog of utility tariffs. Utility charges are incorporated to optimize decision making for technology investment and dispatch by identifying least cost, least CO2 emissions solutions on an hourly basis.

Generative MILP algorithms determine the suitability of technology options for your project as compared to current utility rates, and automatically identify possible savings through energy purchase reduction by modeling all aspects of the Microgrid’s interaction with the utility.

Real-Time updating of XENDEE’s adaptive smart catalog, combined with GIS integration, automatically selects the tariff schedules specific to your project’s location.

  • Net Metering

  • Standby Charges

  • Real-Time Pricing

  • Time Of Use Rates:

    • on-peak, midpeak, off-peak
  • Seasonal Time-Of-Use Variation in Rates

  • Daily or Monthly Demand Charges:

    • noncoincident, coincident
    • on-peak, midpeak, off-peak
  • CO2 Taxes Based on Marginal Emissions

  • Basic Service and Contract Demand Fees

Optimal DER Dispatch and Microgrid Configuration

XENDEE is the best Microgrid modeling tool to optimize the hourly dispatch of all energy sources, as well as the possibilities for load shifting, demand response, and curtailment.

The interplay between optimal sizing and optimal dispatch is often disregarded in modeling tools. XENDEE simultaneously determines an optimal DER portfolio and optimal dispatch schedules by including hourly dispatch as a key decision variable, capturing crucial interactions between parameters such as technology efficiencies, fuel prices, utility rates, charging and discharging rates, and irradiance profiles that are missed by rule-based approaches to technology dispatch.

Optimizing hourly dispatch identifies the best opportunities for demand charge and energy charge reduction. The automatically generated dispatch curves help users see how the interactions between technologies and the utility bring the most benefit to the client.

Optimal DER Selection and Sizing

  • Patented Multi-Year Investment Optimization

Rapidly generate and simulate the most economically optimal Microgrid technology investment and dispatch strategies up to 50 years into the future with our patented technology.

Custom, Optimized DER Portfolios

  • Least-cost solutions for increased resilience
  • Lower emissions and meet regulatory standards
  • Tailored, site-specific analysis to maximize return on investments

Node-by-Node, Technology-by-Technology Modeling:

  • Free Selection and Sizing
  • Minimum Capacity for Investment
  • Fixed Capacity for Investment
  • Existing Capacity

Optimal DER Siting Considering Power Flow and Heat Transfer

Through seamless integration with our Power System Modeler, optimized configurations use next-generation Power Flow models to optimize technology siting for multiple units. Optimal placement and dispatch reduce losses, resulting in a solution that incorporates least cost operation of on-site technologies.

Auto-generated Microgrid topology one-line diagrams integrate power flow analysis optimization features to automatically update your Microgrid design optimization project with cable and transformer data and facilitates swift analysis for multi-node Microgrid configurations.

Full Suite of DER Technologies

XENDEE leads the industry in modeling a full suite of DER technologies, both conventional and renewable.

Users can customize the technical specifications to best model the technologies being considered. Specify the fuel type, efficiency, minimum operating load, and more for 50 conventional units, including internal combustion engines, micro-turbines, and fuel cells.

Enable CHP modeling for any conventional technologies to gain the best advantage of meeting both electric and thermal loads. Select from over 100 models of wind turbines, multiple PV array mount installation types, and set the charging and discharging efficiency of electric stationary storage. The technical customization is endless and will guarantee accurate results to represent your project.

Discrete Tech: Conventional Generation and Fuel Cells

  • Internal combustion engine
  • Gas (combustion) turbine
  • Micro-turbine
  • Fuel cell
  • CHP-Enabling for all discrete technologies

Renewables

  • Solar PV
  • Wind turbine

Storage

  • Electric storage
  • Flow battery
  • Electric Vehicle

XENDEE is the only platform which also allows modeling of energy transfer between days and seasons, which is important for e.g. seasonal storage.

Thermal Technologies

  • HVAC
  • Thermal storage
  • Heat pump
  • Solar thermal
  • Boiler
  • Water heater
  • Direct-fired chiller
  • Absorption chiller
  • Biomass Boilers

Inverters

  • Electric Stationary Storage Inverter (non-linear modeling of efficiency curves is possible)
  • PV Inverter (non-linear modeling of efficiency curves is possible)

Additional/Ancillary Equipment

  • Refrigeration Units
  • Switching Equipment (for islanding)

Investment Parameters

  • Variable installation costs
  • One-time fixed installation costs per unit
  • Variable Operations and Maintenance costs
  • Fixed Operations and Maintenance costs

Technical Parameters

  • Lifetime and age of technologies
  • Rated Capacity
  • Fuel used by discrete technologies (natural gas, diesel, biodiesel, or custom user-defined)
  • Sprint capacity and operating limitation
  • Efficiency
  • Heat-to-Power Ratio for CHP-enabled technologies
  • NOx Emissions Rate

Catalogs and Processing

XENDEE offers a comprehensive suite of data catalogs for easy selection, importing, and processing. The user-indicated project location automatically updates both the load catalog and the site weather catalog selections for accurate modeling of the effects of location and seasonal variations on PV, wind and solar thermal performance. Hourly wind power performance calculated for a selection of over 100 models of wind turbines, using vendor-sourced information, gives you the edge you need in replicating the performance of market-available wind turbines.

Worldwide Site Weather Catalog Data

  • TMY3
  • Extensive data site-specific to the location of your project
  • Based on historical averages over several decades
  • Catalog data automatically updates project inputs for:
    • PV System Rated Efficiency
    • Hourly PV System Performance
    • Hourly Solar Thermal Performance
    • Hourly Ambient Temperature
  • Solar Irradiance for PV System Performance
  • Solar Irradiance for Solar Thermal

Load Catalog Data

  • EnergyPlus Load Profiles
  • US Commercial Building Types
  • Multiple load profiles for each ASHRAE Climate Zone
    • Variations in end-use load specific to TMY3 locations

Location-Based Data

  • Wind Power Performance for over 100 Wind Turbine Models
  • Solar Irradiance for PV System Performance
  • Solar Irradiance for Solar Thermal processed
  • End-use loads for US commercial building types
  • Worldwide ambient Hourly Temperature TMY3 data
  • Utility Tariff Schedules Specific to Building Load and Type*
  • Vendor Costs and Technical Specifications for Technologies*
  • Seasonal Fuel Prices for Diesel, Natural Gas, and Biofuel*
  • Optional User-Generated Catalog Data for Technologies and Tariffs
  • Loss of Load Value Data Specific to Building Load, Type, and Curtailment Length*

Data Import and Processing

  • Auto-Processing for Load Data
    • Import tool for full-year load data at hourly, 30-minute, or 15-minute resolution
    • Import tool for Green Button data file
    • EnergyPlus Load Catalog data
  • Auto-Processing for TMY3 irradiance and ambient hourly temperature
  • Tabulated and graphical visualization of inputs for easy checking

Sensitivity Analysis

XENDEE understands the variability inherent in planning a Microgrid, whether it may arise from fluctuating costs, variations in solar irradiance, or uncertainties surrounding the historical load data used for modeling. Our sensitivity analysis tool addresses the need to run several cases for sensitivity analysis by allowing users to select the sensitivity analysis to run. With the click of a button, user defined analyses vary the reference input that you need to model sensitivity around.

Existing Sensitivity Analyses Include

  • Capital Cost value for all DERs
  • Fuel Prices (user selects fuel type)
  • PV Variable Installation Costs
  • Electric Storage Variable Installation Costs
  • Varying demand for loads across all end-uses
  • Outage length
  • Outage timing
  • Technology Selection Options
  • User-Defined

Results and Reporting

XENDEE’s automated reporting reduces soft costs associated with results analysis, and streamlines result interpretation with organized tabulated summaries of cost and CO2 emission results that are designed to instantly communicate the feasibility of projects.

Tabulated and Graphical Representation of Results

  • Table of Summarized Costs and Emissions
  • Annualized Energy Costs
  • Yearly Investments and Operational Costs
  • Return on Investments
  • Total Annual Electricity Balance: Full Representation of Production of Energy from All Sources
  • Utility Balance Chart: Purchases and Sales From and To the Utility
  • New Generation Technologies and Storage: Optimal Capacities
  • New Investments: Capital Costs
  • Dispatch Curves for All End Loads, Technologies, Day Types, and Months
  • Etc.

Dispatch Curves

  • Single Objective, Single Analysis Results Table/Graphs/Dispatch Curves
  • Multi Objective, Multiple Results Table/Graphs/Dispatch Curves
  • Single Objective, Sensitivity Analysis Results Table/Graphs/Dispatch Curves
  • Etc.

File Export

  • Configuration csv file with full inputs
  • Full aggregated results csv file
  • Full node-by-node results csv file